- What is Corona Virus?
a. Corona Virus also called Covid-19 is an infectious disease caused by the newly discovered coronavirus. Coronaviruses most frequently cause common cold with occasional exacerbation leading to chronic bronchitis and asthma. Overall coronaviruses account for 10-35% of common colds depending on the season. Occasionally an extraordinary outbreak of coronavirus-associated illness called SARS has occurred. It can affect the upper respiratory tract (sinuses, nose, and throat) or lower respiratory tract (windpipe and lungs). It spreads the same way other coronaviruses do, mainly through person-to-person contact. Infections range from mild to deadly. Most people who develop COVID-19 have a relatively mild form of the disease. According to the WHO, around 80% of people who get COVID-19 recover without needing to be admitted to a hospital.
The remaining 20% become seriously ill and develop difficulty breathing.
Some groups have a higher risk of severe disease and death, including older adults and people with underlying medical conditions, including high blood pressure, heart and lung problems, diabetes, and cancer.
- What is COVID-19?
a. COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by the most recently discovered coronavirus. This new virus and disease were unknown before the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019.
- Can the virus that causes COVID-19 be transmitted through the air?
a. Studies to date suggest that the virus that causes COVID-19 is mainly transmitted through contact with respiratory droplets rather than through the air.
- Can CoVID-19 be caught from a person who has no symptoms?
a. The main way the disease spreads is through respiratory droplets expelled by someone who is coughing. The risk of catching COVID-19 from someone with no symptoms at all is very low. However, many people with COVID-19 experience only mild symptoms. This is particularly true in the early stages of the disease. It is, therefore, possible to catch COVID-19 from someone who has, for example, just a mild cough and does not feel ill.
- Can I catch COVID-19 from the feces of someone with the disease?
a. The risk of catching COVID-19 from the feces of an infected person appears below. While initial investigations suggest the virus may be present in feces in some cases, spread through this route is not a main feature of the outbreak. The ongoing research on the ways COVID-19 is spread and will continue to share new findings. Because this is a risk, however, it is another reason to clean hands regularly, after using the bathroom and before eating.
- How likely am I to catch COVID-19?
a. The risk depends on where you are – and more specifically, whether there is a COVID-19 outbreak unfolding there. For most people in most locations, the risk of catching COVID-19 is still low. However, there are now places around the world (cities or areas) where the disease is spreading. For people living in, or visiting, these areas the risk of catching COVID-19 is higher. Governments and health authorities are taking vigorous action every time a new case of COVID-19 is identified. Be sure to comply with any local restrictions on travel, movement, or large gatherings. Cooperating with disease control efforts will reduce your risk of catching or spreading COVID-19. COVID-19 outbreaks can be contained and transmission stopped, as has been shown in China and some other countries. Unfortunately, new outbreaks can emerge rapidly. It’s important to be aware of the situation where you are or intend to go.
- Who is at risk of developing severe illness?
a. While we are still learning about how COVID-2019 affects people, older persons and persons with pre-existing medical conditions (such as high blood pressure, heart disease, lung disease, cancer, or diabetes) appear to develop serious illness more often than others.
- How Corona Virus Spreads
a. Corona Virus spreads mainly by droplets produced as a result of coughing or sneezing of a COVID-19 infected person. This can happen in two ways:
i. Direct close contact: One can get the infection by being in close contact with COVID-19 patients (within one Meter of the infected person), especially if they do not cover their face when coughing or sneezing.
ii. Indirect contact: The droplets survive on surfaces and clothes for many days. Therefore, touching any such infected surface or cloth and then touching one’s mouth, nose or eyes can transmit the disease.
The virus most often spreads through people who have symptoms. But it is possible to pass it on without showing any signs. Some people who don’t know they’ve been infected can give it to others. This is called an asymptomatic spread. You can also pass it on before you notice any signs of infection, called a pre-symptomatic spread.
- Symptoms of Corona Virus
a. Corona Virus affects different people in different ways. People with Corona Virus have had a wide range of symptoms reported – ranging from mild symptoms to severe illness. Symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure to the virus. People with these symptoms may have COVID-19
i. Fever or chills
iii. Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
v. Muscle or body aches
vii. New loss of taste or smell
viii. Sore throat
ix. Congestion or runny nose
x. Nausea or vomiting
- Prevention of Corona Virus
a. Clean your hands often. Use soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand rub. Maintain a safe distance from anyone who is coughing or sneezing. Wear a mask when physical distancing is not possible. Don’t touch your eyes, nose, or mouth. Cover your nose and mouth with your bent elbow or a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Stay home if you feel unwell. Covering the mouth and nose with a tissue or handkerchief while coughing or sneezing can also help prevent transmission. It is important to dispose of used tissues right away and maintain high levels of hygiene, especially around the home.